Mr. Nakano, a brain scientist graduated from the University of Tokyo, and Mr. Yamaguchi, who graduated from the University of Tokyo as a chief and worked for the Ministry of Finance, and later obtained a New York State lawyer qualification, considered one of their "study skills". is there. Introducing the strongest study method practiced by two people who continue to study on the front lines even after graduating from university.
Mr. Nakano, a brain scientist, talks about the most efficient study method from the perspective of brain science. Mr. Yamaguchi explains the study method that can be used in English, which has also graduated from Harvard Law School. Mr. Nakano, who is the shortest distance learning group, and Mr. Yamaguchi, who is a hardworking group, who have different styles. After reading this book, you will find a method that suits you.
Also, this book does not end with the introduction of study methods. How did the two men aim to become the most difficult universities and what kind of efforts were needed toward that? It's easy to understand what you are like now because you're asking yourself your personality, strengths, and weaknesses. They both continue to learn because they know how important learning is to humans.
It is a book that will help you to reconsider the "learning" in your life, not only for those who are looking for effective study methods for some exams but also for those who feel that they have no time to study.
With the spread of the new coronavirus, we are entering an era where we cannot look ahead. That's why I want to continue to deepen my learning by learning what I like, knowing the joy and joy of learning. It will surely illuminate the place where you stand.
Main points of this book
If you really want to acquire skills, don't fall into the trap of enjoying the effort itself. All you have to do is implement a strategy to improve your ability at the shortest distance.
The important point to remember is to "make things your own". "Personalizing" is a simulated experience. I will never forget what I experienced and learned.
Repeatedly read the text "80% of what I know". If it is a new field, read through everything and increase the percentage of "knowing things" as quickly as possible.
Each study mind
What you can do because you don't have many powers (Mr. Nakano)
"I can't do anything useless." "I have to save my strength…". I had this kind of consciousness since I was a child, because I was tired and didn't have much physical strength. That's why I lived thinking "I want to reduce waste as much as possible and efficiently grasp the essence of each thing." Hyperactive people have a lot of trials, so they can fail but increase their successes. If you are a person with little energy, develop a habit of thinking and acting as much as possible.
In this way, what your body speaks to is usually close to the truth for you. Even if you feel it is a drawback, you can change it to your own weapon depending on how you catch it.
There are many people in the world who cannot objectively grasp their own characteristics or their situation. When I was an examinee, I suddenly looked around and noticed that the people with good grades dropped from the middle. For those people, it became more fun to work hard, not to be able to study. Certainly, being able to do so in part can lead to trust and reputation. However, the effort has no meaning unless it leads to results.
This is the same for "learning" and obtaining qualifications for working people. If you want to acquire skills, don't fall into the trap of enjoying the effort itself. Rather, we should focus on improving our ability in the shortest distance. And "knowing oneself" influences 90% of this learning.
Study advances me (Mr. Yamaguchi)
Since my parents worked at the same time, from a young age, I had to make my own arrangements to desperately learn the morning preparations and wear them. By growing up in such an environment, she may have realized that she is "limited in time" as a child. I started to realize that I couldn't move on if I couldn't decide by my will within a limited time. Still, he was a child who could only do one thing at a time.
Everybody could do it, but for some reason I couldn't do it very well. Besides, I was close to seeing a versatile mother who could use everything in her head and body, no matter how hectic, to survive. That's why I was aware of my limitations early on, saying, "I can't do as well as my mother," and "I'm not a genius."
Therefore, the answer that I thought of as an elementary school student was a simple one: you need more time than people. Others have unconsciously focused on gaps such as wasted travel time, breaks, tooth brushing, and waiting times of about 5 minutes.
Everything was awkward and took more time than people, but studying was a little different. The more time you made yourself, the more results you got. In the end, even though my score was poor in my exam, I finally became convinced that I could study. I was able to continue to study even in my free time because it surely gave me the feeling of "going forward".
[Must-read point!] Nakano's study method Personalize and make a map
It's hard to forget if you personalize it
Using the knowledge gained through learning, you will be able to think for yourself, acquire the power to make it your own, and please your brain. This act of learning refers to the fact that memory is not easily lost by being repeated for a long time.
Many people have the image of remembering textbooks and wordbooks word by word. A little different from that, I learn the content and theme to study with the image of entering the world. For example, if you want to learn about "Honnoji no Hen", you should read the textbook as if you were Mitsuhide Akechi. Mysteriously the content comes to my mind. Imagine chemistry as if you were feeling like a molecule. In other words, the point is "to personalize". What I learned in that way is called "episode memory." This episode memory is a memory that is easy to settle so that you can remember what happened to you.
“Personalization” is, so to speak, an image of “simulating” on your own. The technique of simulated experience is effective not only for study but also for work. For example, by the day before an important meeting or presentation, get into the imaginary world you are talking to. "What kind of reaction will you hear when you hear this?" Then, even in reality, the other party's story can be understood more smoothly and good communication can be achieved.
Reorganize what you have learned
There are many people who are studying how to draw lines clearly in texts and carefully write them in notebooks. However, this method of learning is something that is memorized by "meaning memory," so-called memorization, and there is no less efficient learning method.
Of course, there are people who follow the style of carefully making notes, but this method of study can only increase satisfaction. In other words, I often feel like studying and cannot remember the contents.
What is important is that what you have learned is turned into an "episode memory" in your head, and these are organically connected. You can re-organize what you studied that day and "make it your own."
Make a "map" before studying
It is necessary to read all textbooks in advance in order to judge the content taught by the teacher and the importance of the blackboard. If you know what you want to learn in advance, you can understand that "this is just a chat" and "this is repeated".
This method is a royal road for efficient study, and can be applied to all exam studies. If you are going to take any exam as a working adult, you should read the full text covering the entire exam area before you start your studies.
In other words, "make a map first before studying". Understand the contents and items to be learned in advance, and set a rough schedule such as "I hope I can reach here by next year". If you know the skeleton to learn in advance, then you can carefully add knowledge to the skeleton. As you study, knowledge will organically connect in your mind.
Mr. Yamaguchi's study method
Make 80% of what you know
As long as you have a meaningful sentence, you can understand it by reading it, no matter how difficult it is. This is because you can always find the abstract by reading even the most difficult sentences 10 or 20 times. Of course, if it is made up of difficult jargon, you may not understand it no matter how many times you read it. Nevertheless, if you read another basic book that explains each and every technical term carefully, you should be able to understand some contents.
In other words, it's not the talent, but the "number of times." For those who can easily understand difficult sentences, the background knowledge that forms the basis of the field is obtained from a vast amount of reading.
An important factor in accumulating the number of readings is to choose a teaching material that is “difficult to read repeatedly”. The standard is to choose "80% of things you know, 20% of things you don't know".
When studying something completely new, I first read the answers to the questions. If it's a textbook, you don't have to understand it, so read through everything. Then, the proportion of "knowing things" will be reduced to 80% as soon as possible.
The important thing to study to increase your "knowing" is to read it carefully. One of the methods is the "7 times read study method". Rather than trying to understand the content from the beginning, I read it many times and become acquainted with the sentence. After reading the same book seven times, you will find that you have a deep understanding of what you read. Repetition within a short period of time also enhances memory retention.
It is necessary to carefully select the books to read in order to carry out the "7 times reading study method". Make sure that you select a book with "comprehensiveness" so that no knowledge or information that cannot be obtained from that book will come out. It would be even better if you could have an attachment to the book.
The secret of reading 7 times
"Seven-time reading study method" is the work of copying the whole contents of the book in the head.
In the first one to three times, you will perform a "searchlight reading" in which you will read the headlines and other parts of the text while reading them to get an overall picture.
The first time, while picking up the chapter titles and headings, scan through like the place where information is concentrated, especially the kanji. The second time, while conscious of Kanji, read diagonally every three lines. The whole picture and outline come into my head and I can grasp the whole picture. The third time, read more smooth. The point is not to try to understand the content yet, but to scan it.
In the next 4th and 5th sessions, you will continue to read at a normal speed and grasp the “summary” while being aware of important keywords.
For the fourth time, pay attention to the places where frequently-used keywords and terms are explained. There is no need to understand or try to remember the contents even at this stage. The fifth time, read while being aware of the explanatory text between the keywords. Focus on how the keywords you picked up the fourth time are explained, and how the keywords are related to each other.
In the 6th and 7th steps of the final step, you will perform a "summary reading" that summarizes the content as if you were answering.
In the sixth session, we will focus on details such as concrete examples that explain the gist. By doing so, it becomes possible to understand the meaning of the keywords and the relationships between the keywords more correctly. In the 7th session, "I should have written something like this here", in my mind I would first summarize it, read it as if I were answering it, and fix it in my memory.
Effort is "repetition and continuation"
Important basic books are often read more than seven times. It is an image of strengthening the process of "summarizing and answering" from the sixth time onward.
Basically, you just repeat the “reading”, but as you repeat the number of times, you can gradually become familiar with the content, so it will naturally change to a deep understanding. This is the process of "reading" from "cognition" to "understanding."
You don't have to finish it 7 times before you get used to it. If you are motivated, read it back 10 or 20 times. It is not the talent but the number that deepens the understanding of the text and the retention of the memory.
Some people may say, "I can't read it seven times." However, there is no "easy shortcut" to effort and study. "Repeat" and "continue" is the form of effort. You will never betray your efforts over time. That means anyone, even if not a genius, has the path to success.
Recommendation of reading
In this summary, we have focused on the study method, but this book is also packed with episodes in which Nakano, who aims for the shortest distance, and Yamaguchi, who makes an effort over time, stand out from what is similar to what is different. .. It begins with a background and tells what study is for me and why the study method fits me well. Mr. Nakano, a brain scientist, is enthusiastic about "how studying is important to humans" and Mr. Yamaguchi, who has a New York State lawyer qualification, "how studying has led to life." It is also fun to have a meaningful dialogue between two good friends. No matter how many pages you go through, this is a book that makes you sick and wants to study.