【英語要約】フルライフ 今日の仕事と10年先の目標と100年の人生をつなぐ時間戦略

Review

Everyone has vague anxiety about their lives. This is all the more true for office workers who depend on the company. Amidst the loss of Japanese-style employment such as lifetime employment and seniority, many people may not have a bright future.

In this book, "full life" is simply a fulfilling life. What kind of thinking should you use this limited time to achieve full life? No matter how hard you try and get good results at work, or how much your private life grows, it is very difficult to keep a happy and satisfying life. That's why the way this book talks about how to achieve a full life is interesting. Above all, it is persuasive because it is written in a logical and easy-to-understand manner.

Now that the threat of the new coronavirus is widespread, many people are struggling with their daily lives, unable to work as expected. But that's why you should seriously face your future and what to do about your work. If the “Well-Being” time mentioned in this book is enhanced, there will be a big difference in the way of working after the end of the new coronavirus. And life itself must change greatly.

Main points of this book

Point 1

To achieve a full life, it is necessary to balance Well-Doing and Well-Being within a limited time.

Point 2

Life can be divided into "hard work period", "branding period", and "achievement period". There is a "center of gravity" to emphasize in each period.

Point 3

True Well-Being is about finding yourself by forgetting yourself.

Time strategy for full life

What is full life

The concept of this book is to "realize a full life by having a strategy for how to use time". There is limited time, so if you try to do everything you want, you'll be halfway and regrets. On the contrary, even if you choose what you want to do, you will now have regrets about the options you have discarded. To build a fulfilling life in a limited time, you need a "time strategy" to move forward with confidence.

The strategy here is the center of gravity of each thing. The author notes that the time strategy to achieve full life is to find the center of gravity of Well-Doing and Well-Being. "Doing" is the fulfillment of roles and responsibilities based on clear responsibilities. Thinking, meetings, and work are examples of this. On the other hand, "Being" is to spend without having such a goal. This includes chats at work and private time. While keeping these two times in a better condition, we will distribute Well-Doing and Well-Being optimally within the limited time. This is how to get the center of gravity of full life.

To build a culture of trust

It is known that a workplace with a high level of well-being has a high level of well-doing. When the well-being level increases, productivity and profitability are improved by improving employee health and motivation.

Then what is the center of gravity of Well-Being in the workplace? It is nothing but a "culture of trust." "Trust" is a two-way relationship that involves emotional connections. Unlike one-way rational "trust", "trust" creates a sense of solidarity that does not fluctuate with some accident.

In forming a culture of trust, it is good to communicate while focusing on the following three points.

・Are you doing well?

・Is your life well?

・Is your family happy?

The first question is to see if there is learning or change in your daily work. Even if the result is good, people do not feel that it is doing well just by repeating the routine. You should ask this question about once a week.

The second question is effective when asked about once every six months. Try to bring in the story that "sometimes you leave your job and talk big."

The third question is going into private life. It is desirable to go on a regular basis and talk about yourself.

In order to build a culture of trust, we should pay attention to all aspects of work, life and private life. If you do so, you will feel that the other person is "recognized as one person," and a culture of trust will develop.

Overview of time strategy

First of all, I would like to confirm the overall picture of time strategy in a long working life.

The "hard work period" comes first. It is difficult to win success (= the size of social impact) even if you work at this time, which is the time of being piled up.

Next is the “branding period”. At this time, when the trust of the people around us is gathered and the range of work is widened, the results start acceleratingly in a sharp curve.

And the last thing to visit is the "Achievement Period". It's time to give more and more of your work to society. It is likely that early people will reach this phase around the age of 50.

Who should get "trust"

Next, we will look at where to focus on each time, that is, who should get the "trust" to work.

In the hard work period, you have to improve your expertise as your weapon. At this time when you have no experience or skills, you need to get the trust of a great person to be entrusted with the hard work. To that end, it is necessary not only to show "cuteness" but also to think about the future and to be able to talk about your own future. Then, even if you are young, you will get a "big feeling", and the evaluation from amazing people will increase.

In the next branding period, it is important to enhance human appeal. With the trust of the same generation, we will expand our horizons while building relationships where they can hold hands when they become great. What you should appeal to in this phase is your "weakness." Not only show yourself that you can, but also show yourself that you cannot. Doing so will lead to human attraction.

During the final achievement period, you should focus on spreading your vision and developing the skills and appeal of your peers. What you should get at this time is the trust of the next generation of young people. At this level, it becomes more "a will" than a job.

Center of gravity during hard work

Look back at what impressed you at the end of the day

In the hard work period, we will check where the center of gravity is on the three time axes of "1 day," "1 week," and "3 to 10 years."

The center of gravity of a day's work is at the beginning and end. Many of the things that happen during the day are out of your control. However, if you are "washed out" by your work, your vitality will be low. You should take a bird's eye view of your work and be aware that you will take the initiative.

There are several techniques that can be useful for that, but the recommendation is to "remember what you were impressed with when you finished your work." Even if it's a normal day, doing so will make you realize that it was an irreplaceable time.

Start the calendar on Saturday

It is good to think that the center of gravity of a week is at the beginning and end of the day. Then when is the beginning of the week? Generally, the beginning of the week is considered to be Sunday or Monday. However, in that case, it is difficult to eliminate "social jet lag" where the rhythm changes on Saturdays and Sundays. Once the rhythm goes wrong, it takes several days to regain the original rhythm.

So the author creates his own calendar starting on Saturday. Do not schedule after 20:00 on Friday nights, get up as usual on Saturday mornings and plan how you spend your week. If you really want to drink late, you should adopt the "Hanamoku" habit instead of "Hanakin." Even if you drink late on Thursday night, you should be able to sleep at night because it becomes sleepy from morning on Friday.

First, consider 3 years ahead

Finally, let's consider the importance of 3-10 years. It's difficult to draw yourself 10 years from now, and often it's just Poem in a bad sense.

So the first thing to consider is planning three years ahead. Actually, great people are good at making a 3-year plan. It is worth noting that the plan for a normal person and a great person after one year does not change much, but after two years there is a big difference. The average person is a continuous "stacked" type, while the great person is a discontinuous "leveraged" type.

When making a three-year plan, great people put the first year as preparation (Build period), the second year as starting (Model period), and the third year as expanding (Scale period). Even more amazing people are doing "three steps of planning". This means that if you have three years of planning, then proceed to the next three years, then the next three years, and so on. By doing so, the future 10 years from now can be seen.

[Must read!] Center of gravity during the branding period

Three abilities to create a concept

Unlike the hard work period, which handles the flow of work, atypical and creative intellectual production is required during the branding period. In this phase, the business concept is the beginning of everything. The concept here is how to overcome many obstacles at once. The concept makes it possible to reach the target point.

So how should the concept be created? The answer lies in the round trip between "abstraction" and "materialization." In order to hone the ability to create a concept, it is necessary to acquire the ability to abstract the content of a story, learn it, and embody it as a concept, even if the industry is different.

It is known that humans have three types of brain networks. If DMN (default mode network) is to give 100 ideas, CN (silience network) is to squeeze them up to about 3, and then ``decide'' to one. Will be CEN (Central Executive Network).

Applying the functions of "putting out", "squeezing", and "deciding" to the thinking method, "intuition" becomes DMN, "big view" becomes CN, and "logic" becomes CEN. "Intuition" here is closely related to "abstraction" in the ability to create a concept. On the other hand, "logic" is related to "materialization." You can enter the "intuition" mode if you are alone and you can enter the "logical" mode if you discuss it with others.

However, the “big picture” mode, which is especially important for innovation, cannot be activated without repeating the “logic” mode and the “intuition” mode. In other words, the "round trip between concrete and abstract" forms the "big picture", which in turn leads to the creation of a concept.

What is needed in the branding period is a "big picture"

How do you spend your time to have a big picture? To give this answer, let's divide the time domain of daily life into four quadrants. Put "Doing" and "Being" on the horizontal axis, and "one person" and "everyone" on the vertical axis. Then, daily life can be divided into the following four modes.

Being Alone: ​​Be restless

Being together: play

Doing alone: ​​intelligent production

Doing together: the usual workplace

A well-balanced movement between these four time domains is extremely important for business people. The authors think that "Being together" and "Doing alone" are deeply involved in the formation of the big picture. For example, at a drinking party, the material can go back and forth between concrete and abstract in order to make a leap around, and when you write a plan by yourself, you will be filling in the details based on some concept.

Center of gravity in the achievement period

Designing your life in "Spring Summer Fall Winter"

The point of the achievement period, which is the third stage, is only one point: "When will you make aspiration?" The author believes, "The achievement period begins at the age of 50."

If the average life expectancy is around 70, I should have taken three steps: "learn for 20 years, work for 40 years, then rest." However, considering 100 years of life, this would take too much time to rest. In the 100-year era of life, not only "learning spring", "working summer", and "resting winter", but also "fruitful autumn" must be added to it, and it is necessary to design life on four stages: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. is there.

A fruitful fall can also be the brightest time in your long life. For that purpose, it is necessary to have a big picture and move between different fields. In the academic world, by the age of fifty, it will be an era in which it is required to cross about five fields. This will be the same for business.

You can be serious even from the age of 50

It doesn't make sense to rotate many jobs in the same field and skill. First of all, it is a good idea to change jobs to a company that has the same required skills but different fields, or a company that has the same fields but different skills. By doing so, you will eventually be able to go to a place where your fields and skills are different.

Sometimes it takes courage and risk to jump out of where you are and take on the challenges. However, if one looks at life from the big picture, it can be seen that experience in various areas is risk dispersion and is a truly safe path. Being shining from the age of 50 is the inside out, saying, "You can be serious even from the age of 50." Until then, you should try various things and judge your aptitude without being overwhelmed.

Recommendation of reading

It is a book that gives you a good opportunity to think about how to design a long life. At the end of the book, the image of the author's "true Well-Being" is shown. According to it, Well-being is "oneself." It is a state where you can act freely without being restricted by yourself in a narrow sense. In other words, it is only when you forget yourself that you have the feeling of being yourself.

The idea that "full life is in the balance between Well-Doing and Well-Being" developed based on this discussion is really deep. How can we spend well-being time with the spread of new coronavirus? I hope you will deepen your thoughts through this book.

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