Due to the development of AI, there are more and more opportunities to read special articles featuring "professions that will disappear in the future." In an era where people may be working beyond the ages of 65 and 70 and beyond, I may be worried whether I will continue to perform properly at work. In that case, this book will be a guide.
In this book, I will explain in a clear way how future jobs are different from what I have done so far, and then explain how to double the performance in changing jobs. The "five trends" are important here. The five trends include those that enhance one's own skills, those that are demonstrated in relationships with others, and those that are a mixture of these. Some may still be able to practice some of them. Still, perhaps not many people are consciously practicing all five. There should be hints for any reader to grow.
In addition to the motivation of "why is necessary", this book also describes the practical method of "how to do" very concretely. By touching the examples, vague anxiety about the future will disappear. And by properly responding to future ways of working, you should be reborn as a business person who can continue to increase your value and performance throughout your life.
Main points of this book
In the future, more and more people will combine various skills and engage in project-type work. Future work styles will change from those that perform simple routine work to those that are complex and irregular.
Work styles that double the value and results are important. To do so, I would like to hold down the five trends of "deep thinking," "business optimization," "self-understanding," "partner," and "general skills."
Above all, "general skill" is important. General-purpose skills are consciously reproducible skills that can be used at any company or workplace.
Future work style
Complex and atypical work
After the "lost 20 years" after the burst of the bubble, companies and employees became uncoordinated. There are three reasons. Automation is advancing due to the penetration of digital technology. Personnel costs have been streamlined by pursuing short-term profits and business performance due to intensifying competition between companies. And the individual values are changing, and the number of people who are interested in various work styles is increasing.
Under these circumstances, there are two important flows in considering the “working style of the future”. The first is "From job to super job". Until now, most jobs have been performed by routine work and standardized processes. On the other hand, Super Job expands the scope of work while utilizing technology, combining conventional work and various skills.
The other is the flow from "repeating type job to project type job". In the project-type job, not only the project itself has a clear purpose, but also the members involved in it have specific roles and short-term goals.
And, as the “work style reform” progresses, we have to complete this complicated and atypical new job in a shorter time.
Double the results in a short time
In order to be evaluated while eliminating overtime, we must not only improve efficiency but also double the results. It is necessary to increase the output, that is, the value and results that it produces.
There are five trends that I would like to keep in mind in order to achieve this. First, "deep thinking" and "business optimization" that enhance one's ability. On top of that, the elements of "self-understanding" and "partner" that can bring out one's ability well and improve performance are involved. And, the fifth "general-purpose skill" is formed by practicing these trends.
Trends that enhance your ability
From surface thinking to deep thinking
It is said that the time is now uncertain, uncertain and unpredictable. "Agile" is a key word in the business world as a way to survive in this world. In business terms, it means "because it is not enough to take action after careful consideration, so think quickly and correct the trajectory while moving." The idea is to take action first and find a way out, because it is an era where the future cannot be foreseen. In order to do this effectively, you acquire the ability to think of things "deeply" rather than "superficially."
The basis of "thinking deep" is "overview and framework". To get a “big picture”, it is first necessary to clarify the results and goals of the work. This outcome is the value that an employee creates for the company. And it should be able to create more value than expected, solve problems facing the company, and create new things. In that, embody the value and ability that you are likely to exert.
Then, when your goal becomes clear, you will get a complete picture of your work and business. At that time, be aware of what you always do in your work and focus on what works and what doesn't. Always write down the relevant content at work.
The information of the whole image captured in this way is organized using a "framework". Specifically, I will summarize by time series, items, and causal relationships. By doing so, the order of things to do will be organized, and it will be easier to find missing or missing information. Also, when applied to the framework, the work is generalized, and it is easy to transfer it to other work. By repeating this work, you can create your own framework type.
From efficiency to optimization
Working efficiently is the basis of work. On the other hand, if efficiency is taken into consideration too much, there is a tendency to demand too much "how to reduce the workload (input)". As mentioned earlier, we aim to increase the outcomes in future work styles. What is important here is to step into “business optimization”. That is, optimizing the selection and allocation of jobs/tasks in order to maximize the results obtained from the limited working hours.
When adjusting the amount of work, it is important to put aside work that does not give an image of what will lead to results. However, your boss may tell you to do it anyway. In such cases, ask in a non-hostile way about the need and purpose of the work. If you can't explain your intentions well, try not to spend too much time on it.
The next thing to be aware of is to eliminate rework. Quickly notice changes or mistakes in desired results. For that purpose, we focus on the content of statements and instructions, expressions and facial expressions of people involved in our daily work, and strengthen our sensitivity. If you feel a change, it may be a sign of a trajectory correction. It is also important to rotate the cycle in which the work steps are reduced and the feedback is corrected sequentially. If you make mistakes and output more feedback because you can make mistakes, you can reach the goal more quickly.
Trends with high performance
From understanding others to self-understanding
Japanese companies in the high-growth period focused on “increasing what they can do”. Through experience centered on OJT, I have acquired the necessary knowledge and skills. After that, as the business performance deteriorated after the bubble economy, interest in human resource development has diminished, and investment in human resource development has been declining. However, from now on, it is necessary to make use of what we are good at and strengthen our working style to focus on what we can do now.
To take full advantage of our strengths, we need a deep understanding of ourselves and our surroundings. Let's work by controlling the following three. First, work according to your own values. Make use of what you value. Next, make good use of your strengths and skills. It is also important to use them properly according to the situation. And put yourself in a state of high motivation.
I also want to know that you can change your qualities. Identify your qualities and personality, and classify them into three qualities based on your past experience: qualities that do not change, qualities that you can change, and qualities that you do not want to change. Then, objectively organize your own values regarding five things: what you like, what you are good at, what you want to protect with importance, what you are interested in, and what you want to get. What you see is what you are.
Once you've come to this point, try to organize it into two things: what you want to be and what you want to be. Think about how you can satisfy your current values at work and how you want to realize yourself in the future. There must be a gap between this "desired figure" and the "desired figure". We will strive to accumulate knowledge and improve our skills to fill the gap. That is the essence of utilizing yourself in your business career. In addition, the self-image that can be understood in this way changes over time. Take regular opportunities to reaffirm your changes in your values and interests.
From teamwork to partners
It is important to communicate by communicating with people inside and outside the company. In Japan, it is said that non-verbalized expressions use richer communication methods, that is, high-contextual communication. Typical examples include "Aun's breathing", "reading the air", and "moderateness". In a complicated and unanswered way of working, communication is expected to become more contextual. Ambiguous communication is the mainstream, which cannot be conveyed by simple messages. The essential skill is "sensitivity". Let's see how to increase it.
First of all, understand how a company measures evaluations. There are three measures. The first is the company's priority of which outcomes are important. The second is a standard for judging the quality of results such as the degree of achievement and the attitude of the efforts. The third is the timeline of achievements such as whether it is a short term or several years have passed. By identifying and visualizing these, it becomes clear what to focus on. Then, understand the background why the results are so important.
Next, act proactively and contribute to the other person. It means thinking about ways to contribute to work in a short time. To that end, let's focus on the theme that is most sympathetic to the company and that is easy for me to achieve.
In this way, a trusting relationship with the company and the boss is born before he invests his time and effort generously and contributes. In a world that is wide, shallow, and easy to connect, "trust" is an asset to me. And the number of business partners naturally increases. Partners who have a wealth of knowledge and skills, or who have a high level of ability that they do not have, can be a strong ally in achieving work results. In a complicated society, it is important to judge "what you do and what you leave it to" rather than doing everything by yourself. Sensitivity is effective here as well.
[Must read points!] The most important trends
From specialized skills to general-purpose skills
When it comes to learning business skills, there is always a discussion of "generalist? specialist?" In Japan after the high-growth period, generalist human resource development, which broadly and shallowly acquires skills, was the mainstream. In recent years, professional skills have become more important and the era of specialists has arrived. This is in agreement with the point of "making good use of oneself", but in the future when many complex and atypical jobs are required, specialized skills with a narrow field of application are insufficient.
What is needed there is a "general-purpose skill." General-purpose skills are consciously reproducible skills that can be used at any company or workplace.
To improve general-purpose skills, it is important to identify your own skills and then think about where you can transfer those skills. To find out your skills, "O*NET", a comprehensive site for occupation and qualification information provided by the US Department of Labor, is convenient. The skills required for each of the approximately 1000 types of jobs and what kind of person they are suited to are summarized. Be clear about both the general skills you already have and the general skills you will need in the future.
Once that is done, a sandwich-type general-purpose skill will be formed. This is a way to improve your general-purpose skills so that you can pinch them from above and below. Skill acquisition from the top refers to generalizing the skills that one has already acquired, and skill acquisition from the bottom refers to acquiring the general-purpose skills necessary for achieving results. In order to form general-purpose skills in a short period of time and achieve results, it is important to carry out these two in a well-balanced manner.
The habit is the key word for continuously achieving results and continuously accomplishing any task. Once you make it a habit, you can continue to work naturally and naturally for a long time. This habit is necessary to increase general-purpose skills. Let's increase our value.
Recommendation of reading
"Future work styles" are written in such a way that they differ from conventional work styles and what skills are required. Not only that, it also introduces how to acquire skills by referring to specific tools. How to make good use of minutes, work mapping methods, and how to create a self-check sheet. This is a book that I would like to try and make various trials and errors on how to make use of it in my work.