【英語要約】「無為」の技法 Not Doingエフォートレスな行動で、能力を最大化する


I feel like I'm trying hard, but I'm not moving forward. And the impatience of always doing something increases. I'm busy every day. As a business person, everybody might have felt this way once. In business, there are many opportunities for immediate judgment and action. We tend to be urged to act. According to the authors, the reason why this kind of feeling arouses is because the dynamics of their system and behavior are inconsistent. You get tired because you try to act against the flow. So what happens when you try to ride on the natural energy of the world? The authors call it “Not Doing” and introduce a wide variety of episodes that demonstrate its importance.

Examples of people who are blindly acted upon by anxiety may have pain in their ears. On the other hand, people who practice "do not" seem to be comfortable and relaxed. This book, which is supported by the authors' research results, has the power to make me think that "a miracle like this may happen to me".

What can you do when you choose not to? Under the influence of the new coronavirus, there may be a case where the way of living in the future should be reviewed. In such a case, why don't you open your eyes and take the viewpoint of "not"? I would like you to be surprised and feel what kind of creativity you have.

Main points of this book

Point 1

The urge to "must do" is driven against the natural flow of the world. By practicing “Not Doing” to accept the flow, it will be easier for you to exert your talent without overdoing it.

Point 2

In order to be creative, it is important to combine the "positive capability", which is the power to pursue "there", and the "negative capability", which is the power to accept the "none". Lacks "negative capabilities".

The obsession with "must do"

"Do not" to have a broad perspective without power

I'm too busy and I'm doing my best, but I can't feel the response. I get impatient and little pleasure. It may be because the dynamics of the behavior between me and the system I belong to are inconsistent, and I'm spinning around. If you resist the waves and struggle, you will be tired, and sometimes your body and mind will be destroyed.

The important thing is to let go of the shore in the flow. And try riding on the natural energy of the world around you. Accept the energy and follow the lead. This document defines it as "Not Doing".

When you ask “do not do”, you may feel empty and leave it to you, but that is not what the authors mean. "Do not" here is a defensive measure that prevents you from seeing a narrow perspective on how to get things done. Instead of pushing or pulling, let's entrust you without going against and walk together. By doing so, you will be able to gain strength and see the current situation from a broader perspective. It is faster and safer to reach your destination by choosing a naturally cut road rather than trying to open it.

Busy days

From here, let me introduce some examples of people who have been obsessed with the obsession with "I have to do it." 47-year-old Alistair, CEO of a large Australian company, lives in a prestigious residential area in Melbourne, is married and has two sons. Despite his unrivaled success in business, it was no exaggeration to say that he was the worst of his life.

As a child, Alistair was watching her father retire from being treated as company luggage and drowning in alcohol. On the other hand, he made him a teacher and decided that he would become a successful person in his life. He started his career as an intern from the latter half of his teens, and at 40 he became the CEO. It's a picturesque success story, but because of the fear of poverty, I gradually increased my working time and responsibility. He was unable to discuss well with his wife who cares about his health, and was able to comfort his anxiety by drinking both sleep and food. Because of my anxiety and tiredness, I started hitting my family eight times. One day, when Arestair returned home at midnight, the house was uninhabited. The family went out.

Alessair then suffers a panic attack with the help of a psychiatrist. Fearing for poverty, he pursued success, but did not set clear goals. Arestair worked with her doctor to explore the psychological factors behind her attachment to success.

What he found was that he really wanted a bond and a bond with his family. He thought that poverty broke his family, but in reality there were other complex factors intertwined. This episode gives a glimpse into the heart of the unhealthy relationship between work and people.

Moved by the feeling that "I'm scared to miss"

Here's another example of someone who has had an unhealthy relationship with work. Sam worked as a manager in a local government in Melbourne. It was said that he could not say "NO" for all the work that came in. If you decline, you might think you can't play team, are lazy, or incompetent. Furthermore, we may miss future opportunities. I took all that thought and felt a lot of stress. There were projects that seemed rewarding, so whenever I tried to reduce my work, I was worried that I would miss a fun project.

The feeling of "fear of missing out, FOMO" is not uncommon. This is a habit of clinging to a single heart that you don't want to miss. FOMO in the workplace takes the form of participating in more committees than necessary and taking on tasks that you want to decline. At the root of FOMO is anxiety about choosing. Choosing something is excluding another option. Sticking to the feeling of "working" is a kind of dependence.

What are your true wishes and what expectations do you have of yourself? We must face our limits and admit that we cannot leave all the options.

[Must read point!] Ability to accept "not"

The importance of negative capabilities

Modern people feel a great deal of pressure on achievements, achievements, and efficiency. The time to pause and reflect on and to slowly devise ideas is not appreciated.

British scholar Robert French and colleagues say they need two capabilities in their work. The first is "Positive Capability", which is the power to pursue "there". The other is "negative capability", which is the power to accept "not". The combination of these two capabilities creates the creative capacity and creative capabilities to work at the border between certainty and uncertainty. If you stick to the acceptance of "not", you will be left empty and left to others. On the other hand, if you only pursue the pursuit of “being”, you will be attached to actions. And in our modern times, negative capabilities are overwhelmingly lacking.

"Gap" that genius conductor values

In this book, the negative capabilities to bring out the possibility of not doing are organized into four viewpoints. "Wait for the mud to settle," "Leave the shore," "Know that the river knows where to go," and "Is the action beautiful?"

First, we will take a case from “wait for the mud to settle”. Israeli conductor Itay Targham is one of the artists pursuing negative capabilities. Tact in front of prominent orchestras around the world. He thinks the conductor's job is to give players a platform. Some well-known conductors conduct control and control. But instead of pushing his will as a conductor, he emphasizes that everyone in the hall, including the audience, finds himself contributing to this experience. There is a sense of exploration, discovery, and tension in the scene where the harmony that Targham calls the “gap” collapses. And a meaningful meaning is created. For him, the command is to make creative use of space.

Negative capabilities that create space are also important in the business scene. Leaders pull back one step, allowing the team to face the questions themselves. It may be beneficial to leave some play and take no action when faced with a problem that you want to solve immediately. The role of the leader is to create a space where learning can take place.

Listen to the "gap" in silence

Just as "do not" in this book is not just a lack of action, silence is not just an absence of sound. It's more like listening to a "gap." When you are silent, you may hear a small voice inside yourself. The quiet voice in our hearts understands the true hope underlying ours. However, the self, which is usually conscious, is influenced by a lot of noises outside him. Some voices can only be heard by facing yourself in silence.

You can experience silence in everyday communication. Visual artist Delia Spatharneau said that he experienced silence as he walked through nature with his peers in a busy day. Though he didn't say a word at all, he recalls that he was teaching each other about the various things he met while walking. The relationships that we build together while remaining silent are meaningful.

Practice "do not"

Think one step back

From here, as an example of “leaving the shore,” we will take up the response at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on March 11, 2011. It was the largest earthquake in the history of observation, and core meltdown and hydrogen explosion occurred at reactors 1 to 3 at the Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A similar crisis was occurring at the second nuclear power plant. Technically, the first and second nuclear plants faced the same challenges. However, the second nuclear power plant escaped from following the same fate as the first nuclear power plant. According to the Harvard Business Review, the reason for winning is the "sense making" process that organizes and understands the events carried out by Mr. Naohiro Masuda, the director of the second nuclear power plant, and his team.

In crisis situations where immediate action is expected, immediate action is needed to resolve the problem. However, Mr. Masuda did not yield to such pressure and took a step back to examine the disaster information and put together the details of the crisis on a chart. He refrained from wielding his heat valve and issuing orders, and demonstrated his amazing patience. Thanks to that, the team was able to accurately grasp the known information, organize the latest situation explanation and plan each time the information came in, and make an accurate decision.

It takes courage to pull once when immediate action is required. But that leaves room for understanding the problem and exploring alternatives. You can then separate yourself from the dynamics of the situation, catch the big picture, and ponder what is really happening.

If you can take a step back and learn even during a nuclear reactor emergency, you should be able to take this attitude in the business scene.

Be useless

The word "inefficiency" in the title of this book comes from the Chinese philosophy of Taoism. Taoism considers those who are able to follow the rhythm of nature to be wise. Instead of trying to go against the flow, he uses the flow in a streamlined manner to move forward and is convinced in that direction. This state is called "useless". Inefficiency does not mean not working. It refers to a natural movement that does not overpower.

In this way, by positively choosing "not", we should be able to face our true self and create something new in the flow.

Recommendation of reading

This book is full of striking graphics, as well as a wealth of examples of how deadly techniques were demonstrated. When you turn the page, the words of those who have regained their true self as "do not" and the artists and adventurers who have pursued the possibility of "do not do" naturally jump into your eyes. .. I think that will give you a lot of inspiration. I hope that this encounter with this book will give you an opportunity to think about what you can create by not doing it.