【英語要約】なぜ僕らは、こんな働き方を止められないのか

Review

I got up early in the morning, was swayed by a crowded train, and was exhausted by the time I arrived at the office. As soon as I came to the office, I was chased by chores, worked long hours, and overtime was common. When the work is over and I get home, I'm tired. And the next morning will come again. "Why is it so difficult every day?" I think that every member of society has had such thoughts once.

This book is a prescription for business people who are worried about their daily lives. The author moved to Apple Japan after working at a Japanese company for 3 years after graduating from an American university. Currently, while managing the company, he is active in Japan, the Philippines, and the United States. The words of the author, who has experience working in Japanese companies and foreign-affiliated companies, as well as experience in corporate management, are powerful and persuasive.

The author's claim is clear. The theme is "how can I live more freely?", and the method is "to endlessly repeat my ingenuity." This is all. And it is important not to repeat the same thing, but to move forward even one step through trial and error.

The book is studded with episodes based on the author's actual experience, and it is concrete and easy to understand. "I want to grow myself" "I'm worried that I've been stagnant these days" "I'm having a tough time working"… If you have such troubles, I recommend you to take this book once.

Main points of this book

Point 1

Japanese companies should not evaluate the amount of time they have served the company. We should focus on how successful we are.

Point 2

Getting your important work done in the morning and getting a good night's sleep affect your work productivity.

Point 3

The most important thing in changing jobs is to have a sense of being happy through work.

Point 4

A person's growth begins with looking directly at their compassion.

Point 5

To succeed, you need to keep rolling the dice. And it is important to have the courage to cut off when bad eyes come out and to take action immediately when good eyes come out.

[Must read!] How Japanese companies work

Why Japanese companies don't value people's time

The word "time is money" is widely known. Some may confuse this as a Japanese proverb, but the theory that the English "Time is money" is translated into Japanese is influential. Perhaps old Japan did not have the idea that "time is as important as money". By the way, is the Japanese really valuing time even in the present day when this proverb is established?

I lived in the United States when I was a teenager and decided to work in Japan after graduating from university. America was in a recession at that time, and it was difficult to find a place to work. On the other hand, Japan at that time was at the time when it was growing fast. I expected that I would get much if I put myself in such an environment, so I got a job.

However, that expectation is shattered soon after joining the company. I just couldn't get used to the environment. Despite being an IT company, internal communication is by phone or fax, and new employees come to work early in the morning to wipe the desks of seniors.

What I felt the most irrational of all was the culture that was indifferent to taking people's time. Everyone observes the start time of the meeting, but none of the end time. If you are a little late, you will get a reduction in salary, but overtime will never end. There is a “no overtime day” that causes wrinkles on other days of the week, unpleasant faces when taking paid vacation, and restraint at drinking parties and employee trips. did not become.

Differences between Japanese companies and foreign companies

The author, who was reluctant to leave, decided to retire in the third year, and changes his job to Apple Japan.

The working style of Apple Japan was fresh. As long as you keep the core time, you can come to the office and return at any time. Some employees attend conference calls from home. Each person worked in a different way.

Nowadays remote work is not uncommon, but it was different in Japan at that time. Unlike Japanese companies in various respects, he was worried that he would be so loose and safe. Nonetheless, I was confused by the fact that it was producing a much higher profit margin than a Japanese company of the same size.

Why Japanese companies don't respect employee time. This is probably because the company doesn't trust its employees at all. Some even think that "if you're out of sight, you'll be lazy". Employees cannot work seriously for such a company. This "corporate culture that does not trust employees" is probably one of the causes of Japan's decline in the Heisei era.

Modern work requires creating new business ideas. As in the past, in an era where everyone came to work at the same time and everyone had to assemble something, it may be possible to use the same method as before. However, now that the Internet has become widespread, it cannot deliver high performance. In order for Japan to grow, it is necessary to adopt a system that measures the degree of contribution of employees rather than restraining them by time.

Finish important work in the morning

The head turns sharpest in the morning in the morning, despite individual differences. So it's not good to check your email in the morning. You should work on more important tasks in the morning when you are smart.

Then, how can we effectively use the morning time? The authors propose (1) sleep well, (2) keep your smartphone away, (3) don't see emails, don't open, (4) don't launch social media, (5) notifications on your computer There are five things to keep the feature off. It's important to keep everything in the way and keep your morning hours creative.

Get good sleep

Japanese people are said to have short sleeping hours in the world. In fact, according to a survey conducted by Polar Electro Japan, Japan has the shortest sleep time in 28 countries, with an average of 6 hours 30 minutes for men and 6 hours 40 minutes for women. Lack of sleep not only reduces productivity but also increases the risk of obesity, high blood pressure, depression and dementia. It can be said that the amount of social loss caused by sleep deprivation is immeasurable.

We fall asleep short of time because we don't have enough time. The reasons can be summarized in three points: (1) too long commuting time, (2) too much work, and (3) too low productivity. There are two ways to solve these. First of all, instead of doing everything perfectly, outsource your household chores to reduce your tasks. Second, sleep a lot to be more productive and get the most important work done in the morning.

More important than efficiency

Whether in English or programming, it is the nature of the person who wants to “learn in a short period of time”. However, pursuing efficiency also has an adverse effect.

For example, let's say you want to develop a new town. At this time, the Internet search is the most efficient. However, all that is displayed is the ones that are displayed at the top of the search, and it is easy to look at the smartphone screen rather than the city itself.

On the other hand, when the internet wasn't as popular as it used to, I was walking around the area, relying on paper maps. It's not as good as Google Maps in terms of efficiency, but there will be many discoveries along the way. In the meantime, my body got used to the city. In other words, if you pursue too much efficiency, you may not be able to get something you haven't seen yet.

Moreover, there are worlds that cannot be reached if only efficiency is pursued. If you only want to get a high score on the TOEIC, the short cut is to get good information through the Internet. However, just because you get a high score in TOEIC does not mean that you can work hard with a native. Only efficient methods cannot reach the future and eventually reach the limit. Even if this does not happen, you should think for yourself and acquire the power to devise your own learning method.

Work and happiness

Determine where the values ​​of happiness are

When changing jobs, the most important thing is to have a sense of being happy through your work. Without it, there is a high possibility that you will fail in job hunting when you graduate or change jobs.

What makes you happy depends on the person, and can be roughly classified into three types. There are three types: “power motive type”, “achievement motive type”, and “affinity motive type”. This idea is called McLarend's theory of desire.

The "power motive type" is the type that is happy to win. Respect, trust, and influence over others are important. This type is suitable for managers and managers.

"Achievement motive type" finds significance in pursuing one's ideal. It is an image like a ramen shop that seeks the ultimate taste by making a profit. While I'm good at ingenuity and ingenuity, I'm also not good at leaving it to others.

The "affinity motivation type" is a type that feels happiness in building a satisfying human relationship. I hate that new processes are introduced and my boss changes and the relationship is disturbed, so I prefer to work together.

Everyone has three elements, but the weight of the three is different for each person. It's not about who is the most motivated or who is inferior. It will be easier for you to pursue your own happiness if you identify early on which elements are important to you.

Live in hard mode

Face your miserable self

There is no one who keeps a smooth sailing life. Everyone lives by failing, being depressed, and being self-loathing. And it is only through overcoming such times that people can grow.

The author knew in his teens that he was below average. No matter what he did, he didn't find value in mediocre self. Without getting absorbed in club activities, he scored enough points to get to the last minute and wasted his time daily.

The author was changed by his younger brother who suddenly suffered an intractable disease. The author's younger brother was blessed with sports talent and was so talented that he was expected to participate in the Olympics. However, when I was in the first year of high school, I was forced to give up everything because of an intractable disease. Even in such a situation, he lived his life without being desperate. Seeing that figure, the author made no excuse for himself and decided to live without running away.

Therefore, the author began to learn English thoroughly and gained enough English skills to go on to an overseas university. He recalls that the experience gave him confidence and became a turning point in his life.

Keep rolling the dice

Another thing is needed to succeed. It's all about luck.

Luck is the same as rolling a dice. It is not the eyes that humans can control, but the number of times the dice are rolled. If you don't roll the dice, good chance won't happen. If you continue to roll the dice, you may get bad eyes, but the reverse is also true. Then, when you get a good look, you act immediately. Successful people have the courage to keep rolling the dice, and the courage to act when they get a good look.

So what should I do if I get bad eyes? At such times, let's cut the loss. For example, suppose you went to a movie theater to watch a movie, but it was boring from the beginning. At times like this, I've paid so much that I tend to think it's a loss if I don't watch the movie to the end, but if I keep watching a dull movie, time is wasted. Sometimes it is necessary to leave the room and cut off the loss. The same is true when the job is changed to a black company or when the marriage partner is DV.

Beethoven is known for making world famous songs such as "Fate" and "Ninth", but when one movement is counted as one song, it is said that he wrote more than 1,300 songs in his lifetime. So he could say that he kept rolling the dice that much.

Recommendation of reading

Through this book, readers can get hints on how to live and work based on the real experiences of the author. In addition to the introduction in the summary, "10 tips to get back time from your smartphone" "10 life skills that you want to learn while you are young" "12 stress-relieving methods that I regularly carry out" It is full of information that will be useful immediately.

This book is recommended for all those who are not satisfied with the current situation, from students who refrain from employment, young employees who have just joined the company, mid-career employees who have become able to do their jobs to some extent, and veteran employees.

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