【英語要約】勝利の神髄1928-2016

Review

The moving scenes that we will see at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics are spun on by the extraordinary training that athletes are taking to that end. In this book, Olympic medalists talk about the grounds of ancestors who do not even know their families. The athletes on the Olympic stage found out what they needed to win and accomplished it in a way no one else has done. Behind the scenes of the Olympics, where the spotlight is shining, there are inspirational efforts and ingenuity. In this book, as we interviewed athletes for a quarter of a century, we drew another invisible Olympics.

Although it was postponed, the Tokyo Olympics were finally approaching. In recent years, SNS and blogs have become popular, and we have more opportunities to see the background of athletes. The recent situation of athletes who are expected to play an active role in the Olympic Games is reported on TV and other media. But that is just the tip of the iceberg.

This book is full of successful experiences of pursuing life in the pursuit of "how to win" and achieving this with a unique belief. That's why you can see what you're missing from your life. And it should inspire you to work harder and do more about what you are doing. Even if you can't compete with the Olympic medalist.

Main points of this book

Point 1

Naoko Takahashi, who won the gold medal in the Sydney marathon competition, thought that there was only a gold medal on the extension of insane, and forced himself into a harsh environment.

Point 2

Mikio Oda, the first Japanese gold medalist, was small enough to make a foreigner laugh, but after a lot of research, he jumped into a triple jump.

Point 3

In the women's judo world, where women's games were banned for a long time, Kaoru Yamaguchi took the top of the world not only in Japan, but with Konai clipping.

[Must-read point!] New medalists in memory

Ability to turn difficult courses into heaven

The fact that there is only one real human being who fights on the stage of the decisive battle of the Olympics has never changed. What did they do in the great battle of the 1st generation?

In the 2000 Sydney Olympics marathon course, which was said to be the "most difficult course in history," Naoko Takahashi struck the highest record in the Olympics and won the first gold medal in Japanese women's history in the marathon.

In order to achieve this feat, Takahashi ran about 40km every day, never resting 365 days. Takahashi decides to put himself in a harsh environment. High altitude training from 3500 to 3600 meters above sea level. He thought that there was only a gold medal on the extension of insane things.

Takahashi said, "I had a hard time practicing and I was exhausted all the time, but I felt like I was in heaven for a week before the match. It can be said that he has turned the biggest difficult course in history into "heaven" by himself.

Find just one point on the foot

The last day of judo at the 2004 Athens Olympics. Katsuji Suzuki, who has a synonym of Russian white bear, won one by fine cutting of small outside. Why was Suzuki able to stop Giant Tomenov by just touching his left foot around the left ankle of his opponent without any sign of skill?

It is said that Suzuki's consciousness about foot technique changed after Hitoshi Saito, the director of Kokushikan University, told him to "brush his feet." Since then, Suzuki's head has been filled with two legs, and while waiting for the signal, he has to study the signs and telephone poles on his side. At one point, during my own practice using a soccer ball, I found that hitting the ball at the base of the left thumb, ankle, and one of the triangles on the inside of the foot would kick the ball as desired. .. Since then, if you continue to sharpen this one point, you will be able to open the door to the world. In the final of the Olympics, the sensation of the golden one point on the left foot was clear and the slight shift of the center of gravity of Tomenov was not missed. Judo was the moment that proved that if you could grasp the opponent's center of gravity, you could apply the technique freely.

Take firmness of the body

Kosuke Kitajima won two crowns in 100 and 200 meters of breaststroke in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008, but it is not well known that he stood at the top of the two competitions with different swimming styles.

Originally, Kitajima was not seen as a promising future because of its hardness. However, under coach Hirimasa Hirai, he learns to swim using the hardness of his body as a weapon to create propulsion, and gradually extends his time. It is honed enough to hit the world's new at 100 meters and 200 meters, and evolves until it wins a gold medal in both events in Athens.

Looking to Beijing four years later, the North Island was working on a plan to remodel the upper body. The driving force generated by the natural kick and the hand-drawing that returns to the original like a spring mechanism on a fixed trajectory. Kitajima will complete a four-wheel drive swim that only he can do.

And then the Beijing Olympics, the 100-meter breaststroke final. In this event, where the world record holder Hansen is competing with a tall and up-and-coming Darle Owen, Kitajima brilliantly sets the world record and wins a gold medal. The 200-meter final that took place three days later was an overwhelming victory for North Island. It is a feat achieved by the ability to think and analyze the disadvantages into the greatest weapons, and the strong will to execute the words.

Japanese players who became the cornerstone

Jump far away with a small body

The underpinnings of the players active in the 21st century were the predecessors who struggled in the past and achieved remarkable results. Let me introduce some people.

The man was small enough to make a foreigner smile. However, Mikio Oda, who was surrounded by large foreigners and participated in the three-step jump on land, jumped far away rather than shrinking and won the first Japanese gold medal.

Oda had the atmosphere of a person trying to master swordsmanship. The focus was on approaching the ideal rather than winning or losing. Every day I carefully take notes from my daily records, pursue the ideal leap, and jump to the ceiling, pillars, and roadside trees. The main event is triple jump, but I also challenged all athletics in search of new running methods and jumps. Then, in order to maintain a sense of normality in the competition, I examined the records of the top athletes and put a facial photograph on them in the room so that they could get used to it.

Oda, who continued to pursue his ideal leap, set a new world record three years after the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, and decided to complete one.

With silky hands

Yoshinobu Miyake, who has set a new world record and won the gold medal in the weightlifting featherweight class, has continued to lift an average weight of about 50 tons a day for a long time. However, there was nothing in the palm of his hand. In order to detect the subtle movement of the barbell, it is necessary to put the palm of the hand in close contact with the bar. Because Miyake faces iron, he has always taken care of the palm, which is the only contact point. And Miyake discovers that his palm is dyed pink when he is in the best physical and mental condition. I also paid attention to my diet to maintain the condition, and put all my salary into my diet so that I could get the nutrients I needed.

The palm of Miyake, who won the gold medal at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and went up to the podium, was dyed in a silky, supple and bright pink color.

Overcoming the handicap

Takeo Kamaike's eyes do not close at the same time due to facial paralysis. Everything looks hazy with intense astigmatism. In addition, the right ear is hard of hearing, and the metallic sound is always heard. Because of the injury, the grip strength of the right hand is only comparable to that of a woman, and the only bend is the thumb. However, Kamaike won the gold medal at the Rapid Fire Pistol competition of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics without feeling any handicap. The secret of Kamike's strength was his unusual concentration.

One day, Kamaike notices that a moving red ball can be seen on the back of his eyelid, concentrating his nerves and trying to stop it. Finally, I was able to control this at will. This allowed me to get rid of my thoughts. Kamike believed this red ball to be a "heart-eye". You can now aim for a maximum of 10 hits with your eyes closed.

Look at your fingertips

Before the Olympics, Suzuki Daichi set a backstroke and was the world's third fastest time in the season. The distance from the top was about 0.16 seconds at a distance of about 29 cm, and two palms were arranged vertically. At the Olympic Games, the game will be a simple matter. So, Suzuki practiced the goal touch, which is especially important in backstroke where the goal is not visible, with the belly of the longest and strongest middle finger of the fingers of the hand.

Then, as the 1988 Seoul Olympics welcomed, Suzuki was on target, just before the goal. The goal touch offered by Suzuki is just meat. The belly of Suzuki's right middle finger, who won the gold medal, must have been an eye.

Win even if you can't stay still

Yuko Huemoto, who had been tired and busy since he was a child, realized that the "quiet and restless rhythm" would give him peace of mind. So, I replaced myself like a fast-moving remote control, and started to spend off-time with a rhythm that I wouldn't get tired of. That's how you feel like another person.

Even at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, which he welcomed, Eimoto was still still. I went in and out of the waiting room and kept talking with my coach.

In the semi-finals, he won the race by swiftly analyzing the situation of the tatami mat next door while taking points from the enemy in front of him. I was fighting while switching between myself on two tatami mats. And in the final, he won a spectacular one win. That was the moment when Japan Women's Judo won the gold medal for the first time.

The revolution achieved by female athletes

Challenge to martial arts

Although outstanding stars have been born infrequently since the first Athens Olympics, overall women have had very limited success. That's why women have been trying to take the chance to become history by transforming the techniques that male athletes have refined over the generations into the form of just one generation. This book introduces some of the groundbreaking female athletes.

After the Tokyo Olympics, judo became popular all over the world, but in Japan more than a century ago, women's domestic games were banned until 1978. The reason is "maternal protection". Judo was just the martial arts of brave men. Under such circumstances, Kaoru Yamaguchi, who has a pretty appearance and looks good in kimono, overturns the conventional wisdom. At the age of 13, he won the 1st Women's All-Japan Championship and has won 10 consecutive victories.

When you stand on a tatami mat, you will take agile steps as if you are playing dance music, and perform your favorite "Konai harvest". Yamaguchi has mastered this technique, though it looks sober, but it has a low burden on the body and there is little risk of injury. Thus Yamaguchi stood at the top of the world in 1984 and won the bronze medal in Seoul in 1988. In the judo world, where power is prioritized, Yamaguchi's "Konai harvesting" was the only one that was accepted in the world.

Fascinated by jumping with the Japanese figure as a weapon

It can be said that Midori Ito had a big handicap in figure skating, where aesthetics such as elegance and brilliance were emphasized. It must be said that a body with a short body and short legs is extremely disadvantageous in terms of "look". But Ito didn't give up. Under the policy of fascination with the technique, he decided to challenge the triple axel and triple axel, which no girl has succeeded in.

The success of a three-turn jump is conditioned on the perfect alignment of three factors: power, speed, and jump height. In addition, the triple axel required a plus alpha rotation. So Ito came up with using the surrounding air. At the moment of the jump, he drastically rolled up the air with both arms and extended the airborne time. Because of that, Ito decided to use the Japanese figure as his greatest weapon and set a triple axel like a acrobat, playing an active part in world championships and the Olympics.

Synchro that doesn't laugh

Fumiko Okuno, who won the bronze medal in the synchronized competition in Barcelona, ​​hits the wall. He missed the trend of the world, which started to focus on artistry. Okuno challenged himself to a synchro that doesn't laugh. It was a challenge to Taboo in the synchronized world where smiles are commonplace.

Peel your eyes in front of the mirror, distort your mouth, and bare your teeth. Every night, a crazy woman continued her mime-eating pantomime. And I realize that both eyes are important to give a strong impression to the judges. I observed how the fashion model looks like licking the audience, and tried to increase the area of ​​the white eye.

In this way, Okuno won the 1994 World Championship solo performance with a perfect score from all judges. It was a moment when the common sense of smiling synch was overturned.

Technology that produces accurate and unrivaled concentration

Hisako 158 cm tall Hisako Higuchi created a golf fighting method to expand into the world, which was a swaying method that boldly rocks the entire body and flies vigorously. Neither strength training nor image training made it possible to achieve an unmatched trajectory with a large weight shift. It was training with only one ball. Swing the golf ball between the belt of the pants and the navel. The ball falls down when the foam collapses, but when the force is concentrated on the abdominal muscles, the ball jumps forward. Higuchi repeated this training.

And the mental control was perfect. In the games with big titles, at night, he worked hard on handicrafts and lace knitting. There was a belief that the ball hits the nerves, not the club. In 1977, Higuchi won the PGA Championship. It attracted the audience with accurate machine-like play.

Recommendation of reading

Behind the scenes where the athletes active in the Olympics won the medal, there are efforts and ingenuities that are not normal. As a medalist, he must have been sought after on TV and interviews, but this book is interesting because it is full of episodes that are told for the first time.

How active will Japanese athletes be at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics? The result may be the training that is being done at this moment. Surely, the fierce efforts and ingenuity that ordinary people cannot think of should be repeated.

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