Entering the era of Reiwa, the environment surrounding business people is undergoing a major transformation. The collapse of lifetime employment has been talked about, and even major companies are recruiting early retirement and restructuring one after another. Furthermore, it is also fresh in my memory that the report by the Financial Services Agency's financial council that "the pension alone will be short of 20 million yen in retirement funds" has been talked about. Some people may be worried about the reality that they can never be optimistic about.
The author, who is an expert in career theory, proposes a "Protian career" to business people living in such a modern age. A Protian career is a career that can change flexibly in response to changes in society and the environment. I want you to draw the future 10 or 20 years from now. What are you doing then? Are you still doing the same job? Maybe I'm changing jobs. It is possible that he has retired and is living a second life. Increasing the resolution of the future in this way may reveal a surprisingly severe aspect. The idea of a Protian career can be very helpful in turning a severe reality into an opportunity and living a fulfilling life. Also, how should we raise the “career capital” that is important for Protian careers? Reading this book will clarify the path from grasping your current situation to concrete actions.
If you join a stable company, the era of security for the rest of your life is over. This book is recommended for business people who have vague anxieties about the future.
Main points of this book
Even if you improve your career within the organization, the company does not guarantee it for the rest of your life. It is important to form a Protian career in order to acquire the skills to earn autonomously and become a person who can grow.
Accumulation of career capital is indispensable for forming a Protian career. Career capital consists of three types: "business capital," "social capital," and "economic capital."
Career capital will only increase slightly if the same work is repeated on a daily basis. Changing the working environment and living environment will lead to an increase.[Must read point!] Why are you Protian now?
The opportunity to get out of "middle melancholy"
The business scene is changing at an unimaginable speed. Life is changing with the digitalization. Further technological revolutions will continue in the future.
On the other hand, what if we look back on ourselves in response to the accelerating changes? I can't change. I will not change. I can only work in the organization I belong to. Of course, there will be a way of life that escapes by "not changing".
The author once fell into the "middle melancholy" of spending days of low motivation while feeling unresponsive. The stagnation that people working in an organization face is called a "career plateau." It is in a state where it has reached a plateau without further career advancement expected. It was the encounter with "Protian Career" that inspired such an author to get out of the middle-aged melancholy.
Protian careers and in-house careers
"Protian career" means a career that can be flexibly changed in response to changes in society and the environment. The etymology comes from the Greek god Proteus, who can change his appearance at will.
The conventional career is a model in which promotion, promotion, income, status, power, social stability, etc. are rising and amplifying. On the other hand, it is the Protian career that individuals independently form their careers and change them flexibly.
Japan was in the midst of high economic miracle when the concept of Protian career was advocated. "Working = lifetime employment" was the basis, and there was a tendency for changing jobs to betray the company.
Therefore, "intra-organizational careers", which build up careers within one company, have attracted attention. Underlying an in-house career was the idea that an organization would foster an individual's career and improve the productivity of the organization. At that time, it could be said that the environment was not such that the concept of Protian career could be properly evaluated.
Limitations of lifetime employment
In recent years, the soil has begun to attract attention from Protian carriers. The country has announced employment up to the age of 70 as a corporate effort obligation. On the other hand, the top executives of large corporations and the chairman of the Keizai Ren have said that it is difficult to protect lifetime employment. The country demands employment by the age of 70, while companies insist that lifetime employment is difficult.
Therefore, there are two options for the hired side. One is to continue to insist that "companies should be employed for life." The other is to understand the future direction and devise countermeasures by yourself. In this book, from the latter standpoint, we will consider how to continue working for 50 years.
The following three approaches are increasing as actions that independently form a career. The first is a "boundary-less career" in which employees contribute to the company beyond the boundaries of departments, job titles, and business establishments. Next is the "parallel career," which builds a second career while having a full-time job. And it is "side business / side business".
In the future, companies will clearly state that they will not be able to maintain lifetime employment. At the same time, employees will be required to acquire the skills to earn autonomously.
Even if you improve your career within the organization, the company does not provide a lifetime guarantee. Both businesses and workers are beginning to feel the limits of embracing their careers. Protian careers are in the limelight.
Building career capital
Let's review your "assets"
When formulating a strategy for a Protian career, it is advisable to refer to the concept of organizational strategy. And the essence of a Protian career is an inner transformation that accumulates experience while changing. At its base is the psychological success of achieving one's worth and goals. In order to form a Protian career, the emphasis must be placed on the "accumulation of career capital" of individuals.
For individuals, assets are divided into tangible assets and intangible assets. Tangible assets include deposits and savings, stocks, land, and cars. Intangible assets, on the other hand, refer to assets that cannot be directly converted into money, such as skills, knowledge, friends, family, physical and mental health, and networks.
There is a lot of information about savings and stock management, which are tangible assets. However, the reality is that there are far fewer opportunities to think about intangible assets. Therefore, by considering skills, health, networks, etc. as important intangible assets, it becomes possible to accumulate career capital from a long-term perspective.
Why intangible assets are important
Intangible assets are classified into "productivity assets," "vitality assets," and "transformation assets."
First, productivity assets help increase job productivity and improve income and career prospects. Specifically, it includes language, programming, editing, and statistical processing. We will identify the skills and knowledge necessary for the coming era and capitalize them over time. Strategic management as an asset is essential.
Vitality assets are formed from physical and mental health and psychological well-being and fulfillment. Maintaining a good body and building good relationships through proper eating habits and regular exercise will improve your vitality assets.
Transforming assets represent the will and ability to make a successful change and transition to a new stage in the middle of life. As humans grow older, they tend to think that it is stable that it does not change. However, in the same days, transformation assets are not accumulated.
Intangible assets can be managed consciously and systematically. In addition, increasing intangible assets not only makes us happy, but also leads to the formation of tangible assets.
Three Capitals Required for a Protian Career
In order to form a Protian career, it is necessary to strategically and systematically accumulate career capital. In the age of 100 years of life, the total amount of capital generated by one's actions is more useful for career development than the capital inherited from parents.
There are rules for this career capital. Career capital does not decrease even if you change jobs or leave your job. However, repeating the same work will only increase the number slightly. Furthermore, career capital will increase by changing the working and living environment. You should keep this in mind. Professor Douglas Hall, who advocated a Protian career, also recommends "keeping changing."
Career capital consists of three parts: "business capital," "social capital," and "economic capital." Business capital is imprinted on a person's body, such as knowledge, skills, and behavior gained through career development. Social capital means the accumulation of networks consisting of relationships of trust between business people. And economic capital is an economic resource.
First of all, it is good to grasp your tangible assets and intangible assets. On top of that, strategic management of how to accumulate career capital is important.
Accumulation of business capital
Are you absorbed in the work in front of you?
Of "business capital," "social capital," and "economic capital," this summary focuses on the accumulation of "business capital."
The first step in building a Protian career is to turn the job at hand into an opportunity for growth. In particular, the key to forming business capital is whether or not you are absorbed in the work in front of you.
Business capital is the sum of the three capitals of "business literacy," "business productivity," and "business adaptability."
First, business literacy is the basis of logical thinking and is formed by daily information gathering and continuous learning.
Business productivity, in turn, is cultivated as you face business problems and take action to solve them.
Finally, business adaptability means the adaptability that is cultivated by being interested in various changes and responding to them.
Immersive power to cultivate business productivity
So what can we do to cultivate business productivity? As a premise, it is important to understand that there is a clear difference between those who are able to form a Protian career and those who are not. The difference is whether you are absorbed in the work in front of you.
High performers put the right load on themselves and try to push their limits. At this time, the state of concentrating to grow dramatically is called the "flow (immersive) state".
A flow state is created when you take on a high-level challenge in a job that makes you feel that you have acquired skills in the business scene. Positive emotions are born as you concentrate. By facing issues and finding solutions in that state, business productivity can be cultivated. Those who are dissatisfied at work are probably not in the flow state. Creating jobs that can be put into a flow state is essential for accumulating business capital.
Soil that accepts change, business adaptability
Identity is the core part of you. On the other hand, adaptability is to adapt yourself to the external environment that surrounds you. In other words, adapt yourself to your new workplace and market.
Human beings are creatures that cannot easily accept change because they are conscious of maintaining the status quo even if they have the intention of change.
In a Protian career, the emphasis is on internal change. Therefore, first of all, it is better to accept the change from the aspect of feelings. At the same time, it is important to develop a strategy to change your lifestyle. We will continue to update while positioning our daily lives in the long-term career development. For example, if English is essential for the job I want to do in the future, I read English newspapers every morning and listen to news in English.
The attitude of taking on challenges that are different from the past becomes the soil for accepting change within me, and cultivates business adaptability. Eventually it will become a business capital and will eventually generate big returns.
Recommendation of reading
Chapter 4 focuses on how to form social capital, and Chapter 5 describes how to design a career by stepping into the conversion to "economic capital", so to speak, how to earn money. In each case, there are many points that can be used as a reference when increasing career capital and making the most of it. By the end of this book, you may be aware of the potential of a Protian career and feel positive.
First of all, in order to understand the current situation, please try the "Protian Career Diagnosis" in this book. As a result, how do you want to change? That is the first step towards forming a Protian career. This book is recommended for those who are worried about "Is it okay to keep it as it is?"