新版 エニアグラム【基礎編】 自分を知る9つのタイプ

Review

Do you know "Enneagram", which is becoming more and more used in the business scene and coaching these days? The Enneagram is derived from the Greek word and means "a figure with nine points". It is a type theory developed by combining the traditions of ancient thought and psychology with geometric figures that combine circles, triangles, and modified hexagons as symbols.

According to the Enneagram, people are divided into nine types according to their natural temperament. By understanding your type, you will be able to remove the restrictions imposed by your personality, and you can expect to develop your potential and qualities. The authors have developed the psychological foundation of the Enneagram through research. The contents summarized in this book are practiced by many people and have realized the effects.

As you climb the stairs of your career, many people may become worried, "Is the current way of working really good?" Or "Is the job really right for me?" In such a case, it may be necessary to take a second look at yourself and reassess whether your current personality and attitude are hindering you and where your essence is. If you read this book, which has been popular as the basic book of the Enneagram for many years, you will be able to guess what you are with amazing accuracy. We hope that this book will be useful as a guide for self-observation and self-inquiry.

Main points of this book

Point 1

The Enneagram is a type theory that divides people into nine types according to their natural temperament, using characteristic geometric figures that combine circles, triangles, and modified hexagons as symbols.

Point 2

The Enneagram types depict the basic characteristics of each, and each type has extraordinary talent and predictable pitfalls.

Point 3

Each type has its own "level of growth". The closer you are to the "healthy stage", the more free you are from the constraints of your personality structure and its mechanism, and the easier it is to "live from the essence."

Enneagram, a tool to know more about yourself

Nine types of Enneagram

The Enneagram classifies and explains the natural temperament of a person into nine types. Each type is believed to have extraordinary talent and pitfalls that are easy to fall into. The nine types are shown on the characteristic figures of the Enneagram, which are also on the cover of this book, and this figure is used for analysis. Enneagram exercise begins with knowing your type and understanding its behavioral tendencies. Let's start with a brief description of the nine types.

Type 1: Reformer. A person who is noble, ideal, disciplined, and always trying to improve things.

Type 2: Helper. Compassionate, forgiving, and emphasizing relationships.

Type 3: Achievement person. Strong aspirations and adaptability. Confident, competent and energetic.

Type 4: A unique person. Romantic and delicate. Expose yourself and express your emotions honestly.

Type 5: The person to look up. Can think intensely, be insightful and curious, and develop complex thoughts and skills.

Type 6: Faithful person. A safety-oriented type that is seriously involved. Reliable and fulfill your responsibilities.

Type 7: Enthusiastic person. Versatile and constantly seeking new stimuli. Optimistic and energetic.

Type 8: The person who challenges. Powerful, strong, confident and self-assertive. Determining.

Type 9: A person who brings peace. Easygoing, receptive and stable. Hold loosely and support.

The aim of the Enneagram

The type trends introduced here are only part of the characteristics of each type. The actual book features the Litho-Hudson QUEST (Enneagram Simple Classification Test), which allows you to narrow down your type possibilities with about 70 percent accuracy in less than five minutes. A second diagnosis, the Litho-Hudson TAS (type-based attitude classification), mentioned later in the book, can then be used. If the score on this test is also high, you can probably determine that type.

However, knowing your type is not the ultimate goal. The Enneagram is used to stop the automatic reaction of personality and to reach a deeper truth about our role in the world.

History of the development of the Enneagram

The roots of the Enneagram are complex. It is believed that the ancient tradition of wisdom combined with modern psychology has made it the Enneagram, which is now widely popular.

Its development is considered to be divided into "figures" and "nine types". The characteristic "figure" of the Enneagram, which consists of a combination of circles, triangles, and deformed hexagons, seems to have come from ancient times dating back more than 2500 years, but its exact roots are unknown. On the other hand, the roots of the nine personality type ideas date back to the 4th century.

Based on the basic research of Oscar Ichaso and Claudio Naranjo, who created the flow leading to the modern Enneagram, the authors of this book show the relationship between the Enneagram and other psychology, and the psychological foundation of the Enneagram. Has been developed.

[Must read point!] Basic structure of Enneagram

Three elements of the Enneagram

According to the Enneagram theory, the three elements of "psyche" are "instinct," "feeling," and "thinking." The nine types are said to be divided into these three "centers." Types 8, 9, and 1 belong to the "Instinct Center," types 2, 3, and 4 belong to the "Feeling Center," and types 5, 6, and 7 belong to the "Thinking Center."

Since the ego is the strongest formed around the function of each center, the center to which it belongs represents "the element of the mind that cannot function most freely". Therefore, center classification helps to find out where each type of person is likely to be out of balance.

For example, Type 8 belonging to the "Instinct Center" lacks the balance of instinct, which is the source of vitality and vitality, and the essential quality of "power" is hindered. As a result, they tend to have problems of aggression and repression, such as behaving tough and making inappropriate self-assertion. Classification by the center tells us what is important for the growth of the mind.

Another important three classifications are the "Honey classification", which divides into social styles of "self-assertion type", "free type", and "following type". For example, the "self-assertive" strengthens or enlarges the ego to cope with stress and difficulties. The "free type" enters the world of imagination. The "follow-up type" is extremely follow-up to the voice of the inner super-ego. This classification shows the strategies that each type adopts to meet their needs.

Our state changing at "growth level"

Each type of Enneagram has its own "level of growth". It is a guide to determine how much we have identified with the personality structure. Each type has 9 levels and is divided into 3 stages: "healthy (levels 1 to 3)", "normal (levels 4 to 6)" and "unhealthy (levels 7 to 9)". It can be said that the closer to the "healthy stage", the more free from the restrictions of the personality structure and its mechanism.

The basic type remains the same, but the level at which we work is constantly changing throughout the day. Some people of the same type have a range of levels 2-5, and some have a range of levels 5-8. Even if they are of the same type, their attitudes and behaviors should be very different. It is related to this level of growth that not everything in the description of my basic type always applies to me.

Many are in the "normal stage". People at this stage are becoming more and more identified with their ego's identity, and conflicts in interpersonal relationships are inevitable. Each type has an index, "attention signal," that indicates that it is moving from a "healthy stage" to a "normal stage." Observing yourself in this state is one of the most effective ways to use the Enneagram on a daily basis.

By reaching the "healthy stage" fully, the ego achieves significant balance and transparency and can take the final step towards "living from the essence."

Division and integration

Each type has a direction of division and integration. The direction of division indicates how to behave under stress, or conversely, the qualities that must be integrated. The direction of integration can be an objective indicator of one's growth.

Looking at the Enneagram diagram, two lines extend from each number. One of these is the direction of division and the other is the direction of integration. For example, the direction of division of type 1 is 4, and orderly type 1 tends to change mood like type 4. The direction of Type 1 integration is Type 7, and the angry and critical Type 1 becomes as natural and joyful as the healthy Type 7.

However, integration cannot be achieved by imitating the type of behavior that is in the direction of integration. The process of integration goes on by letting go of the blocking aspects of the type, rather than learning something. The type of integration is a clue as to when such a process is happening.

Type 1: Reformer

Basic personality type

Let's take Type 1 as an example of nine personality types and introduce what Enneagram says.

Type 1 is named "Reformer". They have a sense of mission and want to improve the world in different ways, depending on their degree of influence. We are willing to sacrifice personally and strive for higher value.

Type 1 has a strong sense of purpose, but feels that he must justify his actions towards himself and others. They think of themselves as rationalists, but they are actually instincts and passions.

On the other hand, Type 1 resists instinctive impulses in order to stay true to its own ideas. As a result, they have problems such as suppression, resistance, and aggression.

What Type 1 Has-Angry, Resentment, Frustration

Type 1 directs anger toward oneself who cannot live according to his ideals and others who appear lazy or irresponsible. As we reach more unhealthy levels of growth, we assume that we are the only ones who can make the right decisions and direct more anger at others.

However, anger itself is not bad. It happens naturally. So if you learn that Type 1 just feels angry, without trying to suppress or justify it, you can expect significant growth. Talking openly about your anger to your loved ones will be a great healing.

Ironically, however, Type 1 prohibits their superego from being "too emotional", so anger cannot be experienced as anger. Type 1 clenches teeth and denies anger as follows. "I'm not angry! I'm just trying to do it right!"

Road to integration

Under stressful conditions, the "normal stage" Type 1 strongly desires to be relieved of burdens and obligations. Therefore, like Type 4, you may find yourself indulging in fantasies such as romance and escape to somewhere.

In order for Type 1 to be self-fulfilling and healthy, it is important to let the instinctive reaction occur naturally. By doing so, like the healthy Type 7, Type 1 is less likely to cling to its own theory and is open to a wider range of possibilities. And it can be understood that such a view of life does not impair one's personality, but brings depth and breadth.

Practices that help growth

In order for Type 1 to grow, it is important to learn to distinguish oneself from the "voice" of the super-ego in the mind. Pay attention to how that "voice" affects your happiness and your connection with others.

Also, be aware of the tendency to overdo it beyond the limits of patience and try to secure time to play. Much of the great inspiration comes from playfulness.

Stop thinking that everything is on your shoulders and ask others to help you. Focus on the positives of others' actions and thank them for their efforts.

And you should stop acting anger as if it weren't there. Massage therapy is effective for anger in the body, and by introducing them, it is possible to notice the unconscious body posture and whether or not the person is working more tense than necessary. From writing a letter to driving a car, you can do it with tension and resistance, or you can relax.

Recommendation of reading

The Enneagram is often used in the context of business and coaching. This book is suitable for the basic book, and explains the formation of the Enneagram, recent research, and its relationship with psychology with illustrations. By reading through this book, you will be able to understand the basics of the Enneagram and use type diagnosis to know your type. Reading the section about your type should lead you to the surprising essence of your principles of action. If you want to experience the Enneagram, I highly recommend reading it.

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