Currently, many companies are hiring new graduates and are focusing on "basic skills for working adults." For students who are about to get a job, this is an ability that they definitely want to acquire. However, in reality, there is a gap between "student-imagined working people" and "actual working people." When a student who has no experience as a member of society suddenly talks about "what he should learn as a member of society," the reality is that he does not come to the point.
In this book, you can learn the basic skills of working adults through the story of "Basic Manabu-kun" who is job hunting and grows up as a member of society. Partly because it is spoken from a "student's perspective," the importance of basic working skills and how to utilize them can be imagined in a very realistic manner.
The first step in developing the basic skills of working adults is to objectively and understand oneself. Let's self-check 12 ability elements based on the "worker's basic ability confirmation work" at the end of this book. By doing so, we can see what we need for our future "I want to be." This book is recommended for students who have begun to think about the future and are starting to move forward as members of society.
Learning the basic skills of working adults begins from the moment you think that you want to acquire it. It is also a great reference for career support and human resource development for young employees. If you get lost early in your career, or if you feel stuck, this book will give you some tips on how to get closer to your ideals.
Main points of this book
The basic ability of working adults means the "core ability" that is common in many jobs and is the basis for achieving good results. It consists of 3 abilities of action (ability to step forward), thinking (ability to think through), teamwork (ability to work in a team), and 12 ability elements, and can be applied regardless of occupation, occupation, industry, etc.
The basic ability of working people is a "tool for measuring one's core strength". What are your strengths and characteristics? Which strengths do you want to develop in the future? You can use it as a convenient indicator to look back and organize yourself.
In order to tackle global issues in cooperation with various colleagues in the future, each of us will be unique while looking back on what we need now and what we should improve in the future. It is required to advance the career.[Must read point!] Basic ability of working adults to survive the 100-year life
Basic strength of working people is core strength
In 2006, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry advocated the basic skills of working people as "the basic skills necessary to work with diverse people in the workplace and local communities." It is divided into 3 abilities and further divided into 12 ability elements.
First, there are independence, working power, and execution power as "power to step forward (action)". Next, "thinking power" consists of problem finding power, planning power, and creativity. And "the ability to work in a team (teamwork)" is composed of the ability to transmit, listen, be flexible, grasp the situation, discipline, and control stress. In this book, the basic skills of working adults are taken as the image of "the core strength that is common in many jobs and is the basis for achieving good results."
The more seriously one thinks about one's future, the more one tries to "cultivate individual specialized skills among college students." However, it is important to acquire specialized skills through practice. Companies cite independence, tenacity, teamwork, and communication skills as abilities that they want university students to acquire. It can be said that it is the basic power of working people.
It can be said that each ability element of the basic ability of working adults is cultivated little by little through trial and error, being aware of it every day. In interpersonal relationships, club activities, part-time jobs, etc., we will act while being aware of the elements of basic working skills. Of course, it is also possible to acquire them through work after becoming a member of society. However, it is ideal for students who can easily take time to look back on their thoughts and actions to improve their basic skills as a member of society over time.
Tools for a better career life
What are the three abilities that make up the basic skills of working adults? First of all, the ability to set a purpose and think through the gap with the current situation and the plan to fill it (thinking). The ability to act independently to achieve the purpose after thinking through it. And it is the ability (teamwork) to flexibly accept each other and carry out the purpose while grasping the surrounding situation with various members.
All of the 12 ability elements of the basic skills of working people are important elements for working people, but it is not necessary to excel in all of them. It is advisable to utilize these as "measures for measuring oneself". What are your strengths and characteristics? What power does the current organization require from itself? It's a useful tool that allows you to look back on these points. The basic skills of working adults can be applied regardless of occupation, occupation, industry, job title, foreign capital or Japanese.
Japan is undergoing major changes due to the declining working-age population, the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and the global technological innovation called Society 5.0. In such a turbulent era, our career life will be longer than ever. In order to flexibly walk through a diverse career life that makes the best use of one's skills and strengths, each ability element of the basic ability of working adults is important.
Power to keep social rules and promises with people "Discipline"
Ability to not bother as a member of the organization
In this summary, we will introduce "discipline" and "creativity" among the 12 ability elements.
First of all, the mystery of discipline is that "you should acquire good manners as a member of society and become a business person who does not bother others!" Discipline is categorized as the ability to work in a team (teamwork).
When working as a member of an organization, maintaining discipline is the basis for promoting the growth and achievement of the organization. Like a centipede competition, if even one of the members tries to go in a different direction from the first person, the progress will slow down. The idea of "about myself" affects the performance degradation of the entire organization. In other words, discipline is not only the manners of an adult, but also the ability to not bother as a member of an organization.
For example, let's assume that you left home without checking the train delay information and arrived at the important product information session venue. If you bring the materials for 300 people explained by your boss, it will hinder the distribution of the materials before the explanation. In this way, even a small mistake can lead to the loss of the entire company, which is difficult to recover by one person.
Keep social rules and promises with people
Discipline is defined as "the ability to keep social rules and promises with people" in the basic ability of working people. Social rules include laws, traffic rules, and work rules. In addition, promises with people refer to promises of time, place, and actions. It is important to note that social rules and promises to people are not always easy to understand.
As an example, there is a rule that "on a crowded train, put your backpack on a rack or hold it in front of you." This is customary, not a written rule, depending on the culture of the country, region or group. However, if you do not follow this rule, you may think that you are "insane" or "naive."
For example, if you make a promise to "start after noon", it is easy to make a difference in interpretation as to whether "afternoon" is 12:00 or 13:00. In such a case, it is necessary to confirm in advance whether the other person and one's own values match.
Implicit "common sense and manners" make a difference
The minimum discipline that should be observed as a social foundation is the written "rules and regulations" and "promises and missions." Since these are clearly stated and easy to teach, senior employees may provide guidance.
On the other hand, "common sense and manners" are often implicit, and it is difficult to teach people. That is why it is easy to get a good impression if "common sense and manners" are properly established.
Discipline is an element that facilitates the movement of society as a whole, not just the organization, and makes everyone feel comfortable. By actively understanding the rules and promises and acting in a disciplined manner, you should be evaluated by others as a disciplined member of society.
"Creativity" that creates new value
Creativity is not born even if you wait
The mystery of creativity is, "The creativity necessary for change is not born even if you wait. If you put up antennas at various angles and increase the number of drawers on a daily basis, new value will be created by the combination and trial and error. Know when you are born! "
Among the basic skills of working adults, "creativity" is regarded as an element of "thinking power". "Creativity" here refers to new values and ideas that emerge after being aware of issues and questions, thinking about solutions, and making trial and error.
Let me introduce an example of "Olfa Cutter". This is a cutter that breaks the blade to keep it sharp when it becomes hard to cut. Yoshio Okada, who worked at a printing factory, had a strong awareness of the issue, "It's a waste to throw it away when it can't be cut." From there, he came up with the idea of an Olfa cutter through trial and error based on his experience as an electrician who was accustomed to various tools and his memory of broken chocolate bars and broken glass.
From this case, it can be seen that the following two are the keys to demonstrating creativity.
(1) There is a strong feeling that "I wish I had it" and "I wish I had this".
(2) Combining existing ideas and making trial and error.
Even in everyday life, there must be many seeds that lead to new value. I keep trying to embody "I wish I had it" and "I wish I had this", incorporate my experience into ideas, and make trial and error. This is the creativity advocated by the basic skills of working adults.
Steal like an artist!
"Steal like an artist!" Is the title of the book by American artist Austin Kleon. According to him, the artist's creativity is not born from scratch, but only from the drawers he has piled up. In addition, British rock musician David Bowie said, "I only watch works that can be stolen."
In short, many of the new creations have a base. Of course, just imitating someone is not enough to show your creativity. Just as Olfa Cutter was an idea born from multiple ideas, it combines multiple ideas from seemingly unrelated genre drawers. And after trial and error, we will create new things.
For that purpose, I would like to touch and feel things in various fields, steal from them, and increase my withdrawals.
Add your own color
In order to demonstrate creativity, it is also necessary to incorporate it into your own style and add your own color. Let's compare it to golf. In golf, even a slight deviation of the body axis affects the flight distance and direction. Therefore, first of all, look at the professional movements and imitate them so that the body can remember the fixed pattern. This is "stealing". However, my physique and athletic ability are not the same as the base professional. Therefore, it is necessary to create your own style after learning the basic form.
The same applies to the creativity in the basic skills of working adults. Marketer Kazunobu Seto, who has worked on numerous hit products, explains this step in "shuhari." "Mamoru" is the stage where you learn the pattern faithfully to the basics and make it your own. "Break" is the stage where you develop your own ideas from the basics you learned in "Mamoru". "Release" is the stage where you dare to move away from the basic pattern and add your own color. Only after taking these steps will it become original.
Creativity is by no means unique to a special person. It is the ability that each of us has.
Recommendation of reading
Please refer to this book for other ability elements not covered in the abstract. In the columns of each chapter, I am grateful to hear real experiences about how seniors who are active in society have refined each ability element. I think there are many readers who are encouraged by the ale from their seniors.
For students who live in the age of 100 years, a long and long career life is waiting for them. It is important to acquire basic skills for working adults so that you can enjoy more rewarding work. This book should teach you a lot when you envision your future "I want to be".