This book was written by Mr. Ichisei Nishioka, an active student of the University of Tokyo, who is the author of "The University of Tokyo Reading", which has surpassed 180,000 copies and allows you to acquire "reading ability" and "ground power" at once. Is.
When it comes to the concentration of people who pass the University of Tokyo, you may imagine a high-level thing that ordinary people cannot imitate. Or do you think that you can concentrate because you like studying and can't help it so that your child will be absorbed in sports and video games?
However, just because you like studying does not mean that you can pass the University of Tokyo. Whether or not you can pass the University of Tokyo depends not on your likes and dislikes of studying, but on the results of the entrance examination. In fact, the author seems to have hated studying. He also said that he had no concentration when he was in elementary school and was able to get the nickname "Mikabozu".
In other words, "I like studying", "high concentration" and "passing the University of Tokyo" are not actually equal. The only thing that can be said for sure is that those who passed the University of Tokyo were able to work on their studies with a high degree of concentration. Then, how do those who have passed the University of Tokyo show their high concentration? In thinking about it, this book can be said to be an attempt to analyze the element of "like" of the person.
What can be understood from the results is that anyone can actually exert high concentration like a student at the University of Tokyo. If you read this book, you should be able to concentrate on "getting things you don't want to do in the fastest way" as the subtitle says.
The main points of this book
True concentration is a state of natural concentration without patience or overdoing it. To do that, you need to be "forward" in the things you need to focus on.
In order to concentrate, first decide on one target to lean forward. On top of that, it is effective to set goals using numbers.
In order to stay focused in a forward leaning posture, it is necessary to output anyway. If you look back at the output, you can also check if you were really focused.
All you need to concentrate is "front leaning"
Concentration that does not work hard = Concentration that is "forward"
True concentration means "concentration without trying hard". It is a state of being naturally concentrated without patience or overdoing it.
Imagine your condition when you are doing what you love. You should be concentrating "without trying" without any overdoing or patience. Therefore, in order to concentrate, you should first give up the feeling of "let's do our best".
Many people may mistakenly think that they can't concentrate unless they like it. That's a misunderstanding. There is a way to focus even if you don't like it.
It's about becoming a "front lean". "Front leaning" is a state of being naturally active. The University of Tokyo students can concentrate on their studies because of their excellent "front-end" attitude. When I listen to a professor, solve a problem, read a sentence, or talk to someone, I naturally lean forward. Let's aim for this state.
Of course, things that you like and enjoy are more likely to lean forward. However, in addition to "like" and "fun", profit and loss accounts, competitiveness, simple interests and anger can lead to a forward-looking attitude.[Must read point!] Clarify the target that will be the "front leaning"
The original form of concentration is "a state in which only one thing can be considered." So in order to focus, you have to clarify what you want to focus on and cut off the rest.
Even if you think, "Let's do our best for the time being!" And "Let's concentrate on various things!", It's hard to do. Once you have decided on the target of the front leaning, let's cut off the rest. That way, don't put your efforts where you don't need it.
Have a sense of conviction
You can't lean forward to not feeling value. For example, students who do not want to study have not found the value of studying. If you can be convinced by thinking, "In order to get this profession, you have to go to this university, and for that purpose, this study now should be very useful." You will be able to. In other words, you can naturally become active in connecting to your goals.
So the author recommends setting goals. Because setting goals is nothing more than actively choosing yourself. Is it "finishing 4 tasks", "finishing 2 books", or "thanks to 10 people"? No matter what goal you set, you must have made some choices in the process.
The act of "choosing" by oneself creates a "convincing feeling" for the selected thing, and also creates a "front-end" attitude of seriously trying to tackle it.
Decide one number
Once you've decided on what you're looking for, clarify your goals. This is surprisingly easy, just set one goal with a number. Try to put numbers in your goals, such as "Get 80 points in the next test!" Or "Read this book 30 pages!".
The reason for setting a numbered goal is that it can be "truncated". For example, with the goal of "doing 5 tasks today," you can truncate the other options and focus on just five. If this is the goal of "doing a lot of tasks today", then you can have three, six, or nine, and you can't concentrate.
It can be 3 pages, 5 questions, 12 tasks, 3 days or 1 year. Just putting one number in your goal should make it much easier to focus.
Choose one indicator
Another recommendation by the author to clarify the goal is to narrow down the index to one. If you are greedy for that too, you will not be able to concentrate. It's the same as when you're making materials for a meeting, if you stick to word selection and layout, you can't concentrate. It is difficult to pursue various things at the same time, so first decide on one and pursue only that goal.
In the example of creating the material above, if it is concise, it is concise, if it is detailed, it is detailed, and if it is layout, it is laid out. Once that's done, pick one other element and focus again. Instead of pursuing multiple indicators at once, decide on the factors to focus on and perfect them first.
Get a sense of conviction
In order to concentrate comfortably in the long term, it is necessary for one's feelings to be on the object to be concentrated.
Again, "convincing" is important. You have to be convinced of what you don't want to do and find some value in the subject.
The reference here is whether it is a right-brain type or a left-brain type. Right-brain type people are reluctant to do things that they are not satisfied with in terms of their senses and emotions. Therefore, it is effective to deceive your own brain and create rewards other than rationality to put your brain into operation. Specifically, it's a good idea to use the power of music and hobbies to raise your mood, or to create rivals and try to be competitive.
Left-brain type people are reluctant to do things that are logically unconvincing. In order to be reasonably convinced, it is better to calculate back from the goal. If you can reasonably convince yourself, "This is necessary for this purpose," you should be able to lean forward. It is also effective to make a "reward" for the things in front of you. Eat sweets and watch YouTube videos for a while, and be conscious of adding sharpness.
Start with the simple ones
In some cases, you cannot concentrate even though you have cleared "clarification of goals" and "convinced". In such a case, let's start with something simple on purpose. Instead of starting with "Now, I'll solve this difficult problem today!", "Let's review the last time for a moment" and "Well, let's start by studying words lightly." It is.
To start with something simple, it's a good idea to have some leftovers in advance. Stop advancing the task at the timing of "just a little more". Then, the next morning, you can start from that "work / study left a little". The hurdles are lower than starting from scratch, and it should gain momentum. Then use that momentum to move on to the next new one.
How to keep "front leaning"
Anyway, try to output
It is most effective to think that it is "fun" in order to maintain a state of concentration. But you don't have to think it's fun from the beginning. Most things get somehow fun once you start doing it.
Therefore, in order to know the "fun" necessary to stay focused, it is best to try it for the time being. To put it in more detail, "try to output". Rather than just reading a book and trying to gain knowledge, try to solve the problem by actually using that knowledge. If you take action or move your hands for the time being, you will be able to feel the value of the thing and it will be fun.
The quickest way to focus is to think about "how to increase output". You can study more intensively by increasing the weight of the methods of "solving problems" and "explaining to others" instead of "reading textbooks" and "listening to classes." In this way, I change what I am doing from "input" to "output".
For example, "listening to people" and "reading books" become "searching for keywords" and "searching for questions." "Increase knowledge with books and articles" and "find something" are "explain to people" and "create materials that can be explained to people". Let's replace "work" with "find a place that is likely to make a mistake".
Once you have the output, "visualize" it. Because "visualization" makes it easier to understand what you have to do.
For example, suppose you add a number to the goal of "reading a book" and set a big task of "reading three books." Next, let's cut down what should be done in one day into small tasks (small tasks), such as "If you read 3 books of 300 pages in 90 days, 10 pages a day". If there are few output elements in the small task here, rewrite or add it to increase the small task that can be output.
Let's crush the small tasks created in this way one by one. If you finish all the small tasks, the big task will be completed.
By "visualizing", you can gain a deeper understanding of what you are doing and why you have to do it. In other words, after being "convinced", you will be able to work on the things in front of you.
Check if it is "front leaning"
Utilize the output
If you can continue to lean forward, check if you really can concentrate. Because when I'm focused, I can't be aware of my condition. If you are not focused, you need to take other steps.
What is needed for self-understanding is output. It is easy to judge yourself from the output that remains in shape as a result of acting or moving your hands. It's the same as the comprehension test. If the problem is solved, it is likely that you understand it, and if it is not solved, you probably do not know. In this way, the result of the output is used to make a judgment.
If you look back on your actions and results, you should be able to deepen your self-awareness.
Know "your type"
If you check the output, you can see not only whether you were able to concentrate, but also your "concentration type". Human "concentrated type" can be divided into "cautious" and "behavior".
The "cautious" is a type that takes time to practice, but when you practice it, you can concentrate. On the other hand, "behavior" can practice immediately, but if they cannot find the meaning to practice, their concentration will be interrupted.
Furthermore, it is possible to classify into "effort type or efficiency type". The "effort type" is a type that feels the value of effort and tries to do a lot, and the "efficiency type" is a type that thinks about whether it can be done more efficiently than trying unnecessarily.
Human concentration type can be divided into eight by 2 choices x 3 of "right brain type or left brain type", "cautious or behavioral type", and "effort type or efficiency type". And if you know which one applies to you, you can take action.
For example, if "right brain type" x "cautious" x "effort type", "I have a habit of thinking emotionally about things", "it takes a long time to practice, but I can concentrate after practice", "value for effort" I feel that I try to do my best a lot. " If so, "think about ways to improve your mood with the help of music and hobbies," "decide to think after acting, quickly select what you want to focus on," and "make efforts more efficient." You can improve your concentration by saying "think".
Recommendation of reading
Even people who say "it's hard to concentrate" should have the experience of being able to concentrate on what they like. I think the reason I can't concentrate is on things I don't like and things I don't like.
Concentration is a mysterious act that anyone can do and have experienced, but even if they think, "Let's concentrate!" It can be said that this book analyzes this mysterious act and systematizes it as know-how.
All eight types are explained in detail in this book about "my type" introduced in the summary. Knowing which of the eight types you should take and what actions you should take should be a great help in concentrating. If you want to improve your concentration, please read it.